The World’s Worst Toxic Pollution Problems 2011

The World’s Worst Toxic Pollution Problems 2011

Recommended reading and good reference source

This report from the Blacksmith Institute in partnership with Green Cross Switzerland is an excellent resource. Reports from NGO’s are vital because government reports are often manipulated. For example in the case of reports from FAO submitted information from government is politically orientated to account for funding need

Read the online PDF [76p.] at: http://bit.ly/vqw39O

The 2011 “top ten” and “toxic twenty” list is limited by several factors. First, and most importantly, the pollutants discussed within this report are those identified and deemed most relevant and urgent in terms of their toxicity and impacts by the Blacksmith Institute Technical Advisory Board. These pollutants include, but are not limited to, heavy metals, radionuclides, poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), fluorides, asbestos, cyanides, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and some pesticides.

The Technical Advisory Board evaluates pollutants that are not included in the list above on a case-by-case basis. The Board reviews the available environmental health literature on the biological effects of a given pollutant and comes to a consensus.

Blacksmith and Green Cross Switzerland are aware that this classification excludes many widespread pollution problems caused by mining, industrial and agricultural activities. For example, the scope of this analysis excludes bacterial contamination of water; discharge of non-toxic particulates to the atmosphere or receiving waters and resulting respiratory or water quality impacts; emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases; SO2, NOx, and acid discharges to the atmosphere or receiving waters; biological or chemical oxygen demand; and indoor air pollution, particularly on occupational health. The analysis also excludes oil contamination related to drilling and petroleum product transport, storage …….”

Content:
Introduction
Pollution and Global Health
Sources of Toxic Pollution
Quantifying the Global Burden Posed by Disease, Disability, and Death Associated with Toxic Pollution Exposure

The Top Ten Worst Toxic Pollution Problems
Artisanal Gold Mining — Mercury Pollution
Industrial Estates — Lead Pollution
Agricultural Production — Pesticide Pollution (considering only local impact)
Lead Smelting — Lead Pollution
Tannery Operations — Chromium Pollution
Mining and Ore Processing — Mercury Pollution
Mining and Ore Processing — Lead Pollution
Lead-Acid Battery Recycling — Lead Pollution
Naturally Occurring Arsenic in Ground Water — Arsenic Pollution
Pesticide Manufacturing and Storage — Pesticide Pollution

The Rest of the Toxic Twenty
Chemical Manufacturing — Chromium Pollution
Chemical Manufacturing — Mercury Pollution
Dye Industry — Chromium Pollution
Industrial Estates — Chromium Pollution
Industrial and Municipal Dump Sites — Lead Pollution
Mining and Ore Processing — Arsenic Pollution
Mining and Ore Processing — Cadmium Pollution
Mining and Ore Processing — Cyanide Pollution
Product Manufacturing — Lead Pollution
(especially from plating, electronics manufacture and battery manufacture)
Uranium Mining and Ore Processing — Radionuclide Pollution
A Note on Oil Production

Conclusion

Appendix
Blacksmith Institute and Green Cross Switzerland’s Efforts to Identify and Address Pollution Problems
Introduction
How Sites Are Assessed
The Importance of Assessing Pollution Problems
The Scope of Blacksmith’s Work
The Blacksmith Index
Conclusion 


FACT SHEETS JOIN DEA NOW and make a difference! DONATE
ACNC Registered Charity

FOLLOW US


DEA IN A HEARTBEAT

Who, What and Why

iDEA18

Watch presentations from our recent conference

Dr Bob Brown Keynote Address

WHAT CAN I DO FOR THE ENVIRONMENT?

(part 1)

(part 2)

DEA INFORMATION LEAFLET

DEA Information Leaflet

DEA INFORMATION BROCHURE

DEA Information Brochure

DEA receives funding from the Lord Mayor's Charitable Foundation

Lord Mayor's Charitable Foundation

LIKE US ON FACEBOOK!

FOLLOW US ON TWITTER!


3